MicroRNA expression profile in extracellular vesicles derived from ALV-J infected chicken semen

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), one of the complications associated with pregnancy is a big, characterized as a temporary form of diabetes caused by insulin resistance along with low / absent-adaptation pancreatic beta cells compensate for insulin demand increases, causing acute, long a term, and transgenerational health complications. The purpose of this study was to assess whether changes in gene expression of microRNAs associated with diabetes disease / cardiovascular / cerebrovascular present throughout the peripheral blood of children aged 3-11 years dropped from GDM complicated pregnancy.

A microRNA expression profiles to be substantially modified is found in children dropped from GDM pregnancies complicated. Almost all of microRNAs with the exception of miR-92A-3p, miR-155-5p, and miR-210-3p regulated. The microRNA expression profiles also differ between children after normal and GDM pregnancies complicated in relation to the presence of overweight / obesity, prehypertension / hypertension and / or heart valve problems and defects.

Always, screening by a combination of superior use microRNAs microRNAs individual, because the false positive rate of 10.0% was able to identify most children with aberrant expression of microRNA profiles (88.14% regardless of the clinical findings, 75.41% by clinically normal findings, and 96.49% with abnormal clinical findings). In addition, a higher incidence of heart valve problems and defects found in children with exposure before GDM.

Extensive file of the target prediction of all microRNAs aberrantly expressed in children dropped from GDM pregnancies complicated show that a large group of these genes are involved in ontology diabetes / cardiovascular / cerebrovascular disease. In general, children with exposure before GDM are at a higher risk of subsequent development of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular / cerebrovascular disease, and would benefit from dispensarisation and implementation of primary prevention strategies.

 MicroRNA expression profile in extracellular vesicles derived from ALV-J infected chicken semen
MicroRNA expression profile in extracellular vesicles derived from ALV-J infected chicken semen

MicroRNA expression profiles in extracellular vesicles derived from ALV-J semen of infected chickens

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to regulate the expression of genes in many processes. MiRNA in extracellular vesicles (EV) has also been studied, while no study miRNAs in EVS semen. Subgroup J Avian leukosis virus (ALV-J) can be transmitted vertically, but the mechanism was not clear enough. This study was to examine the expression profile of miRNA in EVs semen and to investigate the relationship between it and the vertical transmission by gene ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analysis.

Here, we first isolated and characterized EVS semen with Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis, Western Blot and transmission electron microscopy experiments. By sequencing in each EVS miRNA library, a typical 9 differentially expressed miRNA, including six up-regulated and 3 down-regulated, are identified. Target gene prediction, explanation GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis shows that the function may be associated with these miRNAs. Overall, these findings will improve our understanding of the content and composition of the miRNA in EVs semen and provide new insights into the critical role of regulation of miRNAs EVS semen in the transmission ALV-J.

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microRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that regulate different biological processes. Our goal is to identify dysregulated miRNAs in the plasma and tissues of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and exploring new potential targets involved in the AAA. Fifty-seven subjects were recruited for the study of plasma (30 patients with AAA, 16 healthy volunteers and 11 patients with atherosclerosis).